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资深“鸭子”谈“烤鸭经”

时间:1970-01-01 08:00  来源:未知  阅读次数: 复制分享 我要评论

做了大半年的“鸭子”,在雅思烤炉里蒸发自己的青春,在1月22日终于成“精”得到解脱!在“烤火”的过程中真是苦多过甜,不过分的说,备考雅思的另一个大收获便是提高你的心理承受能力!我对备考过程有很多感受经验,想写下来给后来的鸭子,也算是一点拙作。

阅读和听力属于客观题,绝对是靠真本事,除了练习别无选择。而口语和作文同属于主观题,得分很大程度取决于考官。在此我重点说说主观题。

口语
无论口语作文,都需要准备些实质性的东西。确切来说,口语是material,作文是ideas。我这人不喜欢买书,书本里的东西也有限,不能任你随意搜索。所以我的resource来自internet.当要准备某个topic时我就搜索相关话题的外国网站(一定要是外国的),这样能保证我的表达完全地道(idiomatic)。象大家都熟悉的MSN.com,就是不错的选择!当然你自己也要做判断,哪些material适合writing,哪些适合speaking。比如口语中讨论healthy food及fast food的话题,我就上网搜索到了如下material:Healthy food is commonly regarded as that food with low fat,low calorie,low sugar,and many different kinds of vitamins. Fast food is more and more popular in city life,it tastes good and is convenient. But Most of fast food is junk food with high fat,high calorie and poor nutrition, such as potato chips,fried chicken,sweets and so on.在论及过去和现在人们的饮食习惯时可以说:in the past,people didn't care if the food was nutrient,but if it was clean,not to mention diet balance. At present,however,people could enjoy many different flavors yumy food(口语高频词汇).Young people like fast food,while the old care more for healthy food.如果再问你何谓diet balance,你可以说it refers to keeping a balance between eating and drinking.

总之我觉得最大最好的资源其实就是internet,你可以随心所欲的查到任何topic的相关资料,又全又快!

作文
TASK2的议论文是重点,题目多是教育类和社会热门话题。高分秘诀是你的ideas及流畅且不带CHINESE味的行文。只要做好这两点,拿高分不难!

先说ideas。其实ideas并不要求高深,但务必合理、切题、鲜明。为了使文章有说服力,赞同某观点的ideas至少要两点以上。如果是两点,则论证要充分些。论证时可采用数据举例和反面论证这两种方法(想必读过高中的人都不陌生,忘记的话可以翻翻语文课本的)。这两种方法的优点是直观、对比强烈,充分使你的ideas更有说服力!需要特别说明的是,数据可以自己编,因为考官不会去核实数据的真实性,你可以编些合理的利于论点的数据。平时看范文时注意下别人是怎样引用数据就行了。我自己常用的就有"An authoritative reporting indicate that...","A research done by the university of xxx demonstrates that"

再说行文。有3点注意:
1.层次分明,适当使用一些词汇或短语,例如firstly,secondly,first of all,furthermore等等,大家一定都熟悉了。

2.流畅就是通顺,一气呵成。不要让人有突兀的感觉,一下说东。一下又跳到西。并且还要注意换词,这点其实很重要。词汇是否丰富也是评分标准之一,表达相同或相近的意思时要注意换词。最好不要使用高频烂词,要给考官耳目一新的感觉。这是我上外交的作文课所体会到的。外国人其实就喜欢标新立异,与众不同。比如使用最多的单词opinion,agree,大多数人在说“我同意某某观点”时都用"I agree with this opion"(超级烂)。其实你完全可以用"I'm in favor of/share this point of view"来代替前句,我相信后者更讨考官喜欢。还有“认为”,很多人都用think,其实完全可以用hold the view 来代替。不过你也不能为了标新立异而使用那些深奥难懂的特低频词汇,那样也会遭考官反感的。另外就是句子要适当采用复合结构或者定语从句。

3.剔除中国味。这点最重要了,想必也是很多考生最头痛的问题了。老实说,这不容易做到,需要长时间的积累。不过也是有捷径可走的。首先要改变我们的中式思维习惯。欧美人都喜欢直截了当,一步就直捣黄龙(指结果性的DD)。而中国人就喜欢拐弯抹角,先分析前因,说了一大通,最后一句才是后果目的。加上考官一天阅N分卷,更没耐心去琢磨你的用意了。所以这时我们要改变思维角度合乎欧美人的习惯。先讲结论或关键点,然后再去证明。平时练习时要注意收集有用的表达句子及专有名词,阅读材料可以找些英文报刊或者网站。我平时就喜欢浏览英文站点,对喜欢的文章就记下其行文,时间一长,就有感觉了,自己动笔时就自然会用地道的英文表达方式了。我这人从小就擅长点写作(有发表过作品),所以这次考试写TASK2时,我几乎不费吹灰之力就一气呵成了。在此附上我的1篇习作(构思行文完全出自原创)。论题难度中上,大家可以参考,想干吗都行。


我留下我的联系方式吧:QQ49822926,想跟我交流经验的鸭子朋友都欢迎来Q。另外我也可以给朋友推荐备考教材或者转让我的资料(内含保高分的first-hand information),总之有兴趣的朋友就来吧,无聊者勿扰哦~~
 
附习作一篇:
Topic

It's the only way to improve the satety on our roads that give much strict punishment to driving offence.Are you agree that?


[特别注意]题目问的是:你赞同还是反对——提高道路安全的唯一途径是严惩驾驶违规行为。如果你赞同,你就必须证明严惩驾驶违规行为是唯一途径;如果你反对,则要证明严惩驾驶违规行为不是唯一途径。注意审题,不然很容易偏题。我的立场是赞同。

IDEAS:
1.正是因为处罚轻,使得违规驾驶的肇事司机丧无视他人生命及安全,只有严惩,才能防止违规驾驶,确保道路安全。论据:2004年中国大中城市交通事故报告显示:事故原因有80%由违规驾驶所致。大多数司机的安全意识很淡薄。
2.近年来政府加大交通安全的宣传力度,但收效甚微,违规驾驶现象高居不下,只有严惩才能起到杀鸡杀儆候之效
3.以新加坡为例,法律严明,交通事故率极低。

The issue of how to improve the safety on roads has always been the focus of much attention.people come up with various solutions,but some emphasize that the only feasible way is to give strict punishment to driving offence.Personally,I share these people's point of view.

It is much lesser punishment that makes those hit-and-run drivers devoid of the reverence for other people's life and close attention to road safety.---topic sentence An authoritative traffic analysis reporting indicates that approximately 80% of traffic accidents result from driving offence which occured in large and medium cities in China during the second half of 2004, and the rest of traffic accidents are due to bad weather and poor quality of automobile. These statistics show that most automobile drivers lack the consciousness of safe driving.They deserve severe legal punishment.Only after stricter punishment is carried out can driving offence decrease.

In recent years,the Chinese government intensify efforts to publicize safe driving and traffic rules by  the mass media(i.e. TV and radio,   newspapers,magazines).But that has very little effect on reducing  driving offence.Therefore,it's time to beat the dog before the lion!   Only strict punishment can play a role of a serious warning to those reckless drivers.

Take an Asian country Singapore for instance.Singapore is well-known for its extremely stric trffic law worldwide.Those who break the traffic rules must be severely punished.Without the supervision of traffic police,an extraordinarily low rate of traffic accidents has been kept for years,which totally attributes to local people's following the traffic rules.

Undoubtedly,improving the unsafe traffic situation is the most vital thing these days.I firmly hold the    view that giving strict punishment      to driving offence is the unique practicable solution.